Medical and Dental Entrance Exams

Medical and Dental Entrance Exam is a series of standardised exams administered in India, to assess the ability and knowledge of individuals pursuing undergraduate or postgraduate medical and dentistry education. These exams are required for admission to medical schools, dental colleges, and other related health science institutes.

Medical and Dental education are tough and demanding. These entrance exams are the initial step towards becoming a skilled healthcare practitioner. Candidates interested in appearing for the exam need to register themselves within the specified registration period. This often involves filling out an online application form, providing personal details, educational qualifications, and other relevant information. The exam typically consists of multiple-choice questions (MCQs) covering subjects such as Physics, Chemistry, Biology (Botany & Zoology), and sometimes General Knowledge or Aptitude. Candidates are required to answer the questions within a specified time limit.


Exam NameDescriptionEligibilityConducting BodyExam Mode
NEET UG (National Eligibility cum Entrance Test)Single entrance exam for MBBS, BDS, BAMS, BHMS, BUMS, BSMS, BNYS, and B VSc & AH coursesPassed Class 12 with Physics, Chemistry, Biology & EnglishNational Testing Agency (NTA)Pen-and-Paper based
NEET PG (National Eligibility cum Entrance Test for Postgraduate)Entrance exam for MD/MS and postgraduate AYUSH coursesMBBS GraduatesNational Board of Examinations (NBE)Computer-based
NEET MDS (National Eligibility cum Entrance Test for Masters of Dental Surgery)Entrance exam for postgraduate MDS programsBDS Graduates with internshipNational Board of Examinations (NBE)Computer-based
FMGE (Foreign Medical Graduates Examination)Screening test for Indian students with foreign medical degrees to practice medicine in IndiaMBBS degree from a university recognized by MCI and completion of FMGENational Board of Examinations (NBE)Computer-based
MECEE (Medical Education Commission Entrance Examination)Entrance exam for MBBS in NepalPassed Class 12 with Physics, Chemistry, and Biology (Nepal)Board of Medical Education (Nepal)Likely Pen-and-Paper based (Note: Confirm exam mode with official sources)

Types of the Medical Entrance Exams

There are numerous career paths in India’s healthcare industry, each with its own entry point. The first obstacle for aspiring medical professionals is passing the standardized entrance exams. While there are numerous tests available, three key examinations hold the keys to unlocking specialized practice: NEET UG, NEET PG, and NEET MDS.


NEET UG Exam (National Eligibility cum Entrance Test) is India’s single entry point for undergraduate medical and dental programs such as MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery), BDS (Bachelor of Dental Surgery), AYUSH (Ayurveda, Yoga & Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha, and Homeopathy), and Veterinary courses.

EligibilityStudents who have completed Class 12 with Physics, Chemistry, Biology, and English as core subjects.
FormatThe National Testing Agency (NTA) administers a single pen-and-paper exam each year.
SyllabusPhysics, Chemistry, and Biology from NCERT textbooks for classes 11 and 12.
Passing CriteriaGeneral category candidates must receive at least 50%, while reserved category candidates must receive at least 40%.
BenefitsProvides admission to government and private medical colleges throughout India.


NEET PG (National Eligibility and Entrance Test for Postgraduate) serves as a gateway to postgraduate medical courses in India, such as MD (Doctor of Medicine), MS (Master of Surgery), and Diploma programs in a variety of medical specialties.

EligibilityOnly MBBS graduates seeking specialization are eligible.
FormatThe National Board of Examinations (NBE) administers a single computer-based exam each year.
SyllabusPre-clinical subjects (Anatomy, Physiology, Biochemistry, Pharmacology) and para-clinical subjects (Pathology, Microbiology, Forensic Medicine) from the MBBS curriculum are covered.
Passing CriteriaGeneral category candidates must achieve at least the 50th percentile, while reserved category candidates must achieve at least the 40th percentile.
BenefitsProvides access to postgraduate studies at government and private medical colleges across India, allowing doctors to pursue their chosen specializations and advance their careers.


NEET MDS (National Eligibility cum Entrance Test for Masters of Dental Surgery) serves as the sole gateway to postgraduate dental programs in India, encompassing various MDS (Master of Dental Surgery) specialties.

EligibilityOnly BDS graduates pursuing dental specialization are eligible.
FormatThe National Board of Examinations (NBE) administers a single computer-based exam every year.
SyllabusTailored to dental subjects covered in the BDS program.
Passing CriteriaGeneral category candidates must score at least the 50th percentile, while reserved category candidates must score at least the 40th percentile.
BenefitsProvides access to government and private dental colleges across India for postgraduate dental studies, allowing dentists to hone their expertise in specific fields and elevate their dental practice.


The FMGE (Foreign Medical Graduate Examination) is an examination offered by National Board of Examinations (NBE). Foreign medical graduates must pass a licence examination before they can practise medicine in India. The FMGE is carried out twice a year, usually in June and December.

EligibilityForeign medical graduates who hold medical degrees from universities outside of India.
Exam Conducted byNational Board of Examinations (NBE)
Exam FrequencyTwice a year (usually in June and December)
Exam FormatComputer-based exam
SyllabusCovers various medical subjects relevant to undergraduate medical education
Passing CriteriaCandidates must achieve a minimum score set by the NBE to pass the exam.
BenefitsSuccessful candidates can register with the Medical Council of India (MCI) or State Medical Councils (SMCs) to practice medicine in India.


The Medical Education Commission Entrance Examination (MECEE) in Nepal is a national-level entrance examination administered by the Medical Education Commission (MEC) of Nepal. It is conducted for admission to medical and dental colleges in Nepal. Indian students who aspire to study in Nepal or secure admission to their preferred Nepalese medical institutions must pass the MECEE exam.

Exam NameMedical Education Commission Entrance Examination (MECEE)
Administered ByBoard for Medical Education in Nepal
Exam TypeNational entrance examination
EligibilityIndian students aspiring for admission to Nepalese medical institutions or wishing to study in Nepal
SyllabusCovers subjects relevant to medical education in Nepal
Passing CriteriaGeneral category candidates: Minimum 50th percentile; Reserved category: Minimum 40th percentile
BenefitsProvides eligibility for admission to preferred Nepalese medical institutions

Entrance Exam Important Dates & Eligibility Criteria

National Eligibility Cumulative Entrance Test (NEET) is a standardized entrance examination in India for students interested in pursuing undergraduate medical education (MBBS), dental education (BDS), and other related courses. NEET is the world’s largest undergraduate medical entrance examination, administered by the National Testing Agency (NTA). 

The Government of India established NEET in 2013 to ensure a uniform and transparent admission process to medical and dental colleges across the country. Prior to NEET, various states held their own entrance exams, resulting in inconsistencies and irregularities.

NEET UG Exam Schedule

EventTentative Dates
NEET announcement2nd week of December 2023
Start of the NEET UG 2024 registration1st week of March 2024 to 1st week of April 2024
NEET 2024 application correction processSometime in the 2nd week of April 2024
NEET 2024 admit card4th week of April 2024
NEET 2024 exam date5th May 2024
NEET 2024 answer key release1st week of June 2024
NEET 2024 result and final answer key4th week of June 2024

NEET UG Exam Eligibility Criteria

Qualify Exam NEET conducted By NTA
NationalityApplicants must be Indian citizens.NRI candidates with Indian passports are also eligible to apply. Under the NRI Category, Overseas Citizens of India (OCI) and Persons of Indian Origin (PIO) are eligible to apply.
Age Limit17 years old (as on December 31, ). In addition, the candidate’s maximum age should be 25 years.
QualificationThe candidate must have passed from a recognised board/institute with a Class 12 credential or equivalent. In addition, the qualifying test should include Biology, Chemistry, English, and Physics as core subjects.
Qualifying Percentile Minimum 50% is required for the general category, 40% for SC/ST, and 45% for Physically Disabled candidates.

NEET UG Exam Pattern

Number of Questions200
Exam ModeOffline (Pen and Paper Test)
Duration200 minutes (3 hours 20 minutes)
SubjectsPhysics, Chemistry, and Biology (Botany & Zoology)
LanguageEnglish, Hindi, Assamese, Bengali, Gujarati, Malayalam, Kannada, Marathi, Odia, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu, and Punjabi
Marking Scheme4 marks for each correct answer
Negative Marking1 mark for each wrong answer


NEET PG (National Eligibility cum Entrance Test for Postgraduate) is the crucial bridge between completing their MBBS and stepping into their chosen medical specialty. This computer-based exam, conducted annually by the National Board of Examinations (NBE), acts as the single gateway to postgraduate MD (Doctor of Medicine) and MS (Master of Surgery) programs in diverse medical fields.

Cracking the NEET PG unlocks a treasure trove of career possibilities. Doctors can delve into specialties like Cardiology, Neurology, Psychiatry, or Orthopedics, honing their skills and expertise to become leaders in their chosen domain. The exam opens doors to renowned government and private medical colleges across India, offering postgraduate training under seasoned faculty and state-of-the-art facilities.

The path to NEET PG mastery, on the other hand, necessitates dedication and strategic planning. The exam syllabus delves deeply into pre-clinical and para-clinical subjects covered in the MBBS curriculum, requiring candidates to solidify their knowledge and improve their test-taking skills. On this journey, numerous preparatory materials, mock tests, and expert guidance become invaluable assets.

NEET PG Exam important Dates

Release of Information brochure at 2024
NEET PG 2024 Registration DateJanuary 2024
Edit window opensTo be announced
Final correction windowTo be announced
NEET PG admit card 2024 release dateTo be announced
NEET PG exam date 2024March 3, 2024
NEET PG 2024 result dateTo be announced
Release of Rank CardTo be announced
Release of Merit List for AIQ 50% seatsTo be announced
Counselling commencement dateTo be announced

NEET PG Exam Eligibility Criteria

Educational QualificationPossess a MBBS degree recognized by the National Medical Commission (NMC) or the repealed Indian Medical Council Act 1956.
Internship CompletionComplete a compulsory rotatory internship of 1 year on or before August 11, 2024. Candidates appearing in the final year MBBS exam and expecting completion by August 11, 2024, are also eligible.
NationalityIndian citizens, Overseas Citizens of India (OCIs), Non-Resident Indians (NRIs), and Persons of Indian Origin (PIOs) with relevant Indian Medical Council (MCI) registration.
Age LimitNo upper age limit for appearing in NEET PG 2024.
Number of AttemptsNo restriction on the number of attempts for NEET PG. However, some state PG counselling rounds may have their own attempt limitations.
Foreign Medical GraduatesForeign medical graduates with MCI registration and completion of Foreign Graduate Examination (FMGE) are eligible. Specific requirements for foreign graduates may vary depending on the NMC guidelines and the individual college or university.
DisqualificationsAny candidate who has been convicted of a criminal offense or involved in any malpractice or unethical conduct may be disqualified from appearing in the NEET PG exam.

NEET PG Exam Pattern

Exam ModeOnline
LanguageEnglish only
Number of questions200
Question typeMultiple choice (4 options)
Exam duration3 hours 30 minutes
Marking (correct answer)+4 marks
Marking (wrong answer)-1 mark

NEET PG Subject Weightage

NEET PG 2024 Subject Weightage
SubjectsNO. of Questions
Forensic Medicine10
Social and Preventive Medicine25
General Medicine, venereology, and dermatology37
Surgery, orthopedics, ENT, and anesthetics46
Radiodiagnosis and Radiotherapy6+6
Gynecology and Obstetrics25


The National Eligibility and Entrance Test for Masters of Dental Surgery (NEET MDS) is a national-level entrance examination administered by the National Board of Examinations in Medical Sciences (NBEMS) for Indian students seeking admission to postgraduate MDS programs at dental colleges and universities throughout India.

The exam will be held in computer-based mode on February 9, 2024. The application form is expected to be available soon on the NBE’s official website ( Candidates must have a Bachelor of Dental Surgery (BDS) degree from a recognized dental college or university in India and must have completed a mandatory 12-month internship on or before June 30, 2024 to be eligible for the exam.

The NEET MDS exam consists of 260 multiple-choice questions (MCQs) divided into two parts: Part A (200 MCQs) and Part B (60 MCQs). Part A covers General Anatomy, Physiology, Biochemistry, and Pharmacology, while Part B covers Dental subjects such as Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, Orthodontics & Dentofacial Orthopedics, Periodontology & Oral Implantology, Prosthodontics & Crown & Bridge, and Public Health Dentistry. The exam will last three hours.

NEET MDS Important Dates

Exam Events Schedule
NEET MDS 2024 Application form available Second week of December 2023
Last date to fill out the application form First week of January 2024 (Till 11:55PM)
Edit Window for All the CandidatesSecond week of January 2024
Final Edit Window to rectify Deficient/Incorrect Images:1. Photograph2. Signatures3. Thumb ImpressionThird week of January 2024
NEET MDS 2024 – Issue of Admit CardFirst week of February 2024
Examination Date9th February 2024
Declaration of ResultLast week of February 2024
Online registration for the NEET MDS 2024 counseling May 2024

NEET MDS Eligibility Criteria

NationalityIndian Citizen, OCI (Overseas Citizen of India), or PIO (Person of Indian Origin)
Age LimitMinimum age of 20 years as on December 31, 2023
Educational QualificationMust hold a Bachelor of Dental Surgery (BDS) degree from a university/institute recognized by the Dental Council of India (DCI)
Minimum MarksSecured at least 50% marks in aggregate (40% for SC/ST/OBC categories) in the final BDS examination
Compulsory InternshipCompletion of a compulsory 12-month internship on or before June 30, 2024
RegistrationProvisional/permanent registration with the DCI or State Dental Council (SDC) by June 30, 2024
AttemptsNo upper limit on attempts

NEET MDS Exam Pattern

Mode of ExaminationComputer Based Exam
Duration of NEET MDS3 Hours
LanguageEnglish Only
SectionsTwo Parts: Part A and Part B
Total Number of Questions240
Type of QuestionsMultiple Choice Questions
Marks Per Correct Answer4 Marks
Negative MarkingYes
Maximum Marks960

FMGE Important Dates

Online Submission Of ApplicationsTo Be Announced
Edit Window For All Payment Success Applications (Any Information/Documents Can Be Edited Except Name, Nationality, Email, Mobile Number And Test City)To Be Announced
Final Edit Window To Rectify Deficient/IncorrectImages (No Further Opportunity Shall Be Given)
1. Photograph
2. Signatures
3. Thumb Impression
To Be Announced
Opportunity To Rectify Deficiencies Related To Documents Upload In The Application:
1. Primary Medical Qualification Certificate (PMQC)
2. Apostille/Attestation Of PMQC By Indian Embassy Concerned
3. Eligibility Certificate Or Admission Letter
4. Proof Of Citizenship
To Be Announced
Final Opportunity To Rectify Deficiencies Related To Documents Upload In The Application (A List Of Such Candidates Will Be Published On NBEMS Website)To Be Announced
Issue Of Admit CardTo Be Announced
Examination DateTo Be Announced
Declaration Of ResultTo Be Announced

FMGE Eligibility Criteria

To Be Eligible For The FMGE Exam, Candidates Must Meet The Following Criteria:

CitizenshipThe Candidate Must Be A Citizen Of India Or An Overseas Citizen Of India.
Primary Medical QualificationThe Candidate Should Possess A Primary Medical Qualification Recognized By The Indian Embassy, Which Allows Them To Enroll As A Medical Practitioner In The Country Where The Qualification Was Obtained.
Documentary EvidenceCandidates Must Submit Proof Or Documentary Evidence That Confirms The Result Declaration Of Their Primary Medical Qualification By The Specified Cut-Off Date. The Submitted Document Should Demonstrate The Successful Completion Of All Required Courses With Eligible Results As Per The Institution’s Requirements.
Eligibility CertificateCandidates Should Obtain An “Eligibility Certificate” From The National Medical Commission (Formerly Medical Council Of India). This Requirement Is Not Necessary For Indian Citizens Or Overseas Citizens Of India
NEET RequirementIndian Citizens/Overseas Citizens Of India Intending To Obtain A Primary Medical Qualification From A Foreign Medical Institution On Or After May 2018 Must Qualify The “National-Eligibility-Cum-Entrance Test For Admission To MBBS Course.
ExemptionCandidate Holds An Undergraduate & Postgraduate Medical Qualification From Australia, Canada, New Zealand, United Kingdom, Or The United States Of America.

FMGE Subjects & Marks Distribution

Pre & Para Clinical SubjectsClinical Subjects
Important TopicsNo Of QuestionsImportant TopicsNo Of Questions
Anatomy17Medicine And Allied Subjects
1. Medicine
2. Psychiatry
3. Dermatology
4. Radiotherapy
Physiology17General Surgery And Allied Subjects
1. General Surgery
2. Anaesthesiology
3. Orthopaedics
4. Radiodiagnosis
Forensic Medicine10Otorhinolaryngology15
Microbiology13Obstetrics And Gynaecology30
Pharmacology13Community Medicine30

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the single most important medical entrance exam in India?

The National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET) is the single most important medical entrance exam in India. It is conducted by the National Testing Agency (NTA) for admission to various undergraduate medical courses like MBBS, BDS, BAMS, BHMS, and other medical courses in different colleges and universities across the country.

Q. How many times can a student appear for NEET?

There is no limit on the number of times a student can appear for NEET. However, the candidate must meet the eligibility criteria each time they appear for the exam.

Q. What is the minimum age limit for appearing in NEET?

A. The minimum age limit for appearing in NEET is 17 years as of December 31st of the year of admission.

Q. What are the eligibility criteria for appearing in NEET?

A. To be eligible to appear for NEET, candidates must have passed their 10+2 or equivalent examination with Physics, Chemistry, Biology/Biotechnology, and English as compulsory subjects. They must have secured a minimum of 50% marks in aggregate for General category candidates and 40% marks for SC/ST/OBC category candidates.

Q. Can I appear for NEET if I have studied abroad?

Yes, you can appear for NEET if you have studied abroad. However, you must have completed your 12th class with Physics, Chemistry, Biology/Biotechnology, and English as compulsory subjects with 50% marks in aggregate from a recognized board.

Q. How to study for AIIMS MBBS entrance exam?

A. Solving previous year’s written questions and mock tests can help you understand the exam pattern and identify the areas you need to work on. The AIIMS entrance exam also includes general knowledge and aptitude questions, so staying current and practising the aptitude questions is essential.

Q. How can I prepare for NEET effectively?

A. There are many resources available to help you prepare for NEET effectively. You can buy study materials, enroll in coaching classes, or join online courses. It is important to create a study schedule and stick to it. You should also practice regularly by solving mock tests and previous year’s question papers.

Q.What are some common mistakes that students make while preparing for NEET?

A. Some common mistakes that students make while preparing for NEET include not starting their preparation early enough, not having a proper study plan, neglecting their health, and not practicing enough mock tests.

What are some tips for staying motivated during NEET preparation?

Some tips for staying motivated during NEET preparation include setting realistic goals, rewarding yourself for achieving milestones, visualizing your success, and surrounding yourself with positive people.

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