ESIC Medical Colleges in India

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ESIC Medical Colleges in India form a group of hospitals run by ESIC (Employees’ State Insurance Corporation) in India, under the Ministry of Labour and Employment. They provide medical care for insured employees and their families. Currently, India has 10 ESIC Medical Colleges located in various states. These colleges offer undergraduate medical degrees (MBBS) and provide over 1200 MBBS seats to students nationwide. 

Students can apply for admission to ESIC Medical Colleges based on their NEET exam results. A portion of the seats in these colleges is set aside for children of people insured under the ESI scheme. These colleges offer high-quality medical education and healthcare services at a reasonable price. They significantly contribute to meeting the need for medical facilities and professionals, especially in areas with heavy industry. 

The ESIC Medical College & Hospital in Faridabad, Haryana; the ESIC Medical College and PGIMSR in Bangalore, Karnataka; and the ESIC Medical College in Chennai, Tamil Nadu, are a few significant ESIC medical colleges. With their state-of-the-art facilities and knowledgeable faculty, these colleges provide students with a full medical education. 


Colleges Type ESIC Medical colleges in India 
Number of Colleges10
Course OfferedMBBS
Total MBBS Seats1200+
Admission BasisNEET Scores
ReservationQuota for wards of Insured Persons (IPs) under ESI scheme
BenefitsAffordable medical education, quality healthcare facilities
RoleBridges gap in medical infrastructure and manpower
Prominent Colleges ESIC Medical College & Hospital, Faridabad (Haryana), ESIC Medical College and PGIMSR, Bangalore (Karnataka), ESIC Medical College, Chennai (Tamil Nadu)

General Eligibility Criteria For The ESIC Medical Colleges in India

Minimum QualificationPass 10+2 or equivalent examination with Physics, Chemistry, and Biology subjects
Entrance ExamQualify in NEET (National Eligibility Entrance Test)
Minimum Marks (General Category)50% marks in Physics, Chemistry, and Biology in 10+2
Minimum Marks (Reserved Category)45% marks in Physics, Chemistry, and Biology in 10+2 for SC/ST/OBC
Additional Criteria (For IP Quota)Candidate must be a ward (dependent) of an Insured Person (IP) under the ESI scheme.
IP Employment Criteria (For IP Quota)The insured person (parent/guardian) should have been in continuous insurable employment for a minimum period as per the category (Group I: 5 years, Group II: 4 years, Group III: 3 years)

Importance of the ESIC Medical Colleges

ESIC medical colleges play an important role in India’s healthcare system. They offer several key advantages: 

  • Healthcare Access: These colleges provide medical services to employees and their families enrolled in the Employees’ State Insurance scheme. This ensures quality healthcare for a sizable portion of the workforce, particularly in industrial areas.
  • Improving Infrastructure and Manpower: ESIC colleges address the lack of medical facilities and professionals in rural areas. By establishing these colleges across various states, the government aims to enhance medical infrastructure and provide comprehensive education and modern hospitals within industrial zones. 
  • Affordable Medical Education: ESIC medical colleges provide MBBS degrees at significantly lower costs than private colleges. This makes medical education more accessible to talented students who may lack the financial resources to attend traditional schools. This broadens the pool of medical professionals, resulting in a more diverse healthcare workforce.
  • Focus on Primary and Tertiary Healthcare:  These colleges are often attached to multi-specialty hospitals with advanced facilities. This allows them to provide not only primary care but also specialized treatment for various medical conditions.  Additionally, some ESIC hospitals boast unique offerings like dedicated Bone Marrow Transplant Units and state-of-the-art Cardiac Centres, enhancing access to specialized care for insured individuals.
  • Boosting Medical Research:  The presence of qualified faculty and well-equipped facilities creates an environment conducive to medical research. This can lead to advancements in healthcare practices and improved treatment options for the benefit of the entire population.

Average Fees Range for the ESIC Medical Colleges in India

CategoryFee (Approx.)Description
ESIC Insured Person (IP) Quota₹24,000Lowest fee structure, applicable for wards of insured individuals under the ESI scheme.
State Quota/General Quota₹70,000 – ₹1,00,000Varies depending on the college and state. Generally higher than IP quota but lower than private medical colleges.
Additional Fees₹16,800 – ₹20,000May include hostel fees (optional), security deposits, and university fees.

Salary & Job Prospectus for ESIC Medical Colleges in India

DesignationStarting Salary (Approx.)With Experience (After Specialization)
Medical Officer (Government)₹50,000 – ₹70,000 per month₹80,000 – ₹1,20,000 per month
Medical Officer (Private Hospital)₹40,000 – ₹60,000 per month₹70,000 – ₹1,00,000 per month
Specialist (After Post Graduation)₹80,000 – ₹1,20,000 per month₹1,50,000 – ₹2,00,000+ per month

Top ESIC Medical Colleges in India

College NameLocationAverage Fees (Approx.)
ESIC Medical College & HospitalFaridabad, Haryana₹70,000 – ₹80,000
ESIC Medical College and PGIMSRBangalore, Karnataka₹80,000 – ₹90,000
ESIC Medical CollegeChennai, Tamil Nadu₹65,000 – ₹75,000
ESIC Medical CollegeHyderabad, Telangana₹75,000 – ₹85,000
ESIC Medical College & PGIMERKolkata, West Bengal₹70,000 – ₹80,000

Scope for the ESIC Medical Colleges in India

The scope for ESIC Medical Colleges in India remains positive, with a focus on addressing existing needs and potential for growth:

Continued Relevance:

  • Catering to Insured Workers:  The core function of providing affordable medical care to insured workers and their families under the ESI scheme remains crucial.  India’s growing workforce, particularly in the industrial sector, necessitates accessible healthcare facilities.
  • Addressing Medical Infrastructure Gap:  The shortage of medical colleges and well-equipped hospitals persists in India. ESIC Medical Colleges, spread across various states, can continue to contribute to bridging this gap by establishing new colleges and expanding existing ones.

Enhancing Services:

  • Specialization and Research:  Encouraging post-graduate specialization programs and fostering a research environment within these colleges can elevate the quality of medical care and contribute to advancements in healthcare practices.
  • Community Outreach:  Strengthening partnerships with local communities can expand the reach of preventive healthcare initiatives and improve overall public health outcomes.

Expansion and Collaboration:

  • New Colleges and Upgradation:   The government’s plans to establish new ESIC Medical Colleges and upgrade existing infrastructure can significantly increase MBBS seats and improve healthcare access.
  • Collaboration with Private Sector:  Strategic collaborations with private healthcare providers could potentially lead to knowledge and resource sharing, enhancing the quality of education and patient care within ESIC institutions.

Challenges and Considerations:

  • Faculty Shortage:  Addressing the shortage of qualified faculty is essential to maintain high educational standards and ensure a well-trained medical workforce.
  • Modernization of Equipment:  Continuous equipment upgrades are necessary to keep pace with evolving medical technology and provide students with exposure to the latest advancements.

List of the ESIC Medical Colleges in India

Sr.No College NameESTDAnnual IntakeAverage Fees
1Employees State Insurance Corporation Medical College, Faridabad, Haryana2015125₹70,000 – ₹80,000
2Employees State Insurance Corporation Medical College, Joka, Kolkata2013100₹70,000 – ₹80,000
3ESIC PGIMSR, ESI Hospital, K.K. Nagar, Chennai, Tamil Nadu2013150₹65,000 – ₹75,000
4Employees State Insurance Corporation Medical College, Bangalore, Karnataka2012150₹80,000 – ₹90,000
5Employees State Insurance Corporation Medical College, Gulbarga, Karnataks2013150₹75,000 – ₹85,000
6Employees State Insurance Corporation Medical College, Sanath Nagar, Hyderabad, Telangana2016100₹75,000 – ₹85,000
7Employees State Insurance Corporation Medical College, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu2016100₹65,000 – ₹75,000
8Shri Lal Bahadur Shastri Medical College, Mandi, Himachal Pradesh2017120Not Available
9Government Medical college, Paripally, Kollam, Kerala2017110Not Available
10ESIC Medical College, Bihta, Patna, Bihar2021100Not Available

Frequently Asked Questions

What are ESIC Medical Colleges?

ESIC Medical Colleges are a network of medical institutions run by the Employees’ State Insurance Corporation (ESIC) in India. They cater to the medical needs of insured workers and their dependents under the ESI scheme.

Q. How many ESIC Medical Colleges are there in India?

A. As of now, there are a total of 10 ESIC Medical Colleges spread across different states in India.

Q. What courses do ESIC Medical Colleges offer?

A. These colleges primarily offer undergraduate medical programs (MBBS).

Q. How can I get admission to an ESIC Medical College?

A. Admission to ESIC Medical Colleges is based on the National Eligibility Entrance Test (NEET) scores.

Q. Is there any reservation system in ESIC Medical Colleges?

A. Yes, a specific quota of seats is reserved for wards (dependents) of insured persons (IPs) under the ESI scheme. There may also be reservations for categories like SC/ST/OBC based on government regulations.

Q. What is the minimum eligibility criteria for admission to ESIC Medical Colleges?

A. You must have passed 10+2 or equivalent examination with Physics, Chemistry, and Biology subjects and secure qualifying marks in NEET. Minimum marks may vary for general and reserved categories.

Q. Are ESIC Medical Colleges expensive?

A. Compared to private medical colleges, ESIC Medical Colleges offer MBBS degrees at a significantly lower cost. The average fees can range from ₹65,000 to ₹90,000 per year, depending on the college and quota.

Q. Is there a scholarship program for studying at ESIC Medical Colleges?

A. There might be scholarship programs offered by the government or the college itself. It’s recommended to check the specific college website for details.

Q. What are the job opportunities for MBBS graduates from ESIC Medical Colleges?

A. Graduates have good career prospects in both government and private sectors, including hospitals, clinics, public health programs, research institutions, and academics.

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